Antibodies - J2



order Copyright: Paul Targett-Adams
Antibody J2 reveals the colocalisation of dsRNA (labelled in green) and Hepatitis C virus core protein (labelled in red), indicating the location of putative virus assembly sites (arrows).

The J2 anti-dsRNA IgG2a monoclonal antibody has become the Gold Standard in dsRNA detection. It was used initially for the study of plant viruses, but since the seminal paper of Weber et al. in 2006, where J2 was used to show that all the positive strand RNA viruses tested produced copious amounts of dsRNA in infected cells, this antibody has been used extensively in a wide range of systems, as documented in over 200 scientific publications.

J2 can be used to detect dsRNA intermediates of viruses as diverse as Hepatitis C virus, Dengue virus, rhinovirus, Chikungunya virus, Rabies virus, Polio virus, Classic swine fever virus, Brome mosaic virus and many more in cultured cells and also in fixed paraffin-embedded histological samples.

J2 has been used to elucidate how anti-viral responses are initiated, what counter-strategies viruses have adopted to avoid them, and to explore the viral life cylce by enabling ultrastructiural localisation studies of viral nucleic acid replication sites (Welsch et al., 2009 & Knoops et al., 2011).

J2 has been used successfully in electron microscopy, in immunofluorescence microscopy, in immunohistochemistry, and various immunocapture methods, such as dot blots and ELISA. J2 has also been recommended as a diagnostic tool to detect whether an unkown pathogen is bacterial or viral in nature (Richardson et al., 2010). Recently J2 has also been used to monitor the removal of dsRNA from in vitro synthethised mRNA preparations that may have potential use in gene therapy (Kariko et al., 2011).